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The Barbs, Danios and Rasboras
Barbs and Danios are popular schooling fish for the
community aquarium. Most come from Southern and Eastern
Asia, with a few from Africa. They inhabit all types of
water systems. To view some statistics on many more
individual Cyprinids, just click on any picture.
Barbs and Danios can be recognized by the small Barbels at the
corners of the mouth, but sometimes you have to look very
close to see them. A very few species do not have them. The
body shape is elongated to high-backed and slightly
compressed laterally. the upper and lower profiles show the
same Convexity. Generally
they are the typical fish shape.
Barbs and Danios are
often confused with the similar looking Characins, but
unlike the Characins, they never have an adipose fin
between the Dorsal and Caudal fins.
The tank should be set up in dark colors, densely
planted, but leaving open spaces for swimming.
Puntius species like to burrow into substrate, so
the bottom material should be soft in nature. The
Brachydanio species are sun loving, and only display
their full liveliness under bright lighting.
Neutral to slightly Acidic water is best
for almost all the species.
All of the species are schooling fishes. Therefore at least
six of any one species should be kept to keep them happy.
Danios usually stay in the upper to middle regions of the
tank and rarely feed from the lower strata. All species of
the genus Punitus stay in the lower to middle areas
of the tank and rummage the bottom for food.
All members can be kept with other fish of the same
size and temperament. Really good ones to keep are the
Cherry barb, Rosy barb and all members from the families
Rasbora and Bracydanio. Members from the
species Puntius cannot be kept with calm, slow
moving long finned fish, as they tend to nibble and nip on
Barbs and Danios do not engage in brood care after
laying their eggs. They should be placed in a special tank
set up for breeding. Most species require soft, slightly
acid water to breed. a water change and lowering the water
depth can trigger the breeding. The newly hatched fry need
the finest of food, usually newly hatched Brine shrimp or
very fine flake food. Breeding
Barbs and Danios is not that easy to do and requires time
The American Livebearer Association.
to the Platy.